Around the 1700s, Bartolomeo Cristofori invented an acoustic instrument called “piano.” It features a large keyboard plus a wooden case which surrounds metal strings and a soundboard performing under the depression of the hammers on the keys. Today, there are many different kinds of the piano. As a rule, it would be better for you to know obviously about various keyboards and pianos before learning to play them.
Traditionally, there are three different kinds of piano: Electric, Upright, and Grand. They are usually r combined with each other to make up new types, such as “Baby Grand Piano,” “Electric Upright Piano” and “Electric Baby Grand piano.”
Grand piano: not only is Grand piano the largest one among these types but also considered as the greatest one. Its soundboard is about 4 feet in length. Many people said that it could make the best sound anytime you touch.
Upright piano: the name has expressed its features: a considerable height and the unique strings position. This piano is also a popular one in the market because of its readability, warm sound, and compactness.
Electric piano: as the name, it has an electric sound created after striking the hammer to the wires. Although they are not up to the standard of a high-quality acoustic, they are gradually improved for the mid-range and upmarket instruments.
Digital Piano: it is performed by playing with the ready-recorded tones. It means that if you have recorded any sound before with digital piano, you just need to play the first tone of that sound, then the whole lyric will be played. This type of piano is suitable for uses at the studio or home (also known as home piano as well as stage performances (known as stage piano).
MIDI Piano: MIDI stands for “Musical Instrument Digital Interface. This instrument allows a connection between it and a computer or other digital instruments by exchanging digital signals.
The main feature to distinguish between an acoustic piano and an electric keyboard is that the latter needs the support of an electric means, such as oscillators or other software/ hardware to create sounds; while the other does not.The following are some kinds of the keyboard:
Synthesizer: today, most of them use synthesis with sample base. It means that they use the recorded sounds instead of generating and processing sound while playing.
Keyboard workstation: it can be considered as a miniature studio in which the sound is composed, recorded and produced.
Arranger keyboard: this is a kind of portable keyboard which is equipped with established sound engines plus additional compositional tools helping to improve the process of songwriting.
Portable keyboard: this kind of keyboard is relatively favorable for beginners. It has the most basic sequence of functions that can help beginners learn and practice sequencer and the keyboard easily in the way they like.